Revolusi Perancis (1789-93)

Revolusi Perancis (1789-93)


Translating…

“THE FRENCH REVOLUTION TAUGHT US THE RIGHTS OF MAN” -THOMAS SANKARA

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION WAS A GREAT EVENT IN THE HISTORY NOT ONLY OF FRANCE & EUROPE BUTOF MANKIND AS A WHOLE.IT GAVE TO HUMANITY NEW IDEAS OF ‘LIBERTY EQUALITY & FRATERNITY’.THE FRENCH REVOLUTION IS THE NAME GIVEN TO THE SWUGGLE WHICH OLD REGIME IN FRANCE AND BROUGHT ABOUT FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES IN THE SOCIO-POLITICAL SET-UP.THIS POLITICAL UPHEAVAL BEGAN IN 1789.KING LOUIS XIV AND HIS SUCCESSORS HAD BROUGHT DIVINE-RIGHT ABSOLUTISM TO THE PEAK. THE FRENCH KING, IN THE 18 TH CENTURY, HAD UNLIMITED POWERS.OPPONENTS WERE PUT IN PRISON WITHOUT TRIAL.FRENCH SOCIETY CONSISTED OF THREE ESTATES OR CLASSES.THE FIRST (CLERGY) AND SECOND (NOBILITY) ESTATES WERE PRIVAYSED IN MAN THIRD ESTATE COMMONERS (MIDDLE CLASS, WORKERS & PEASANTS) WERE THE ‘UNDER DOGS’.THEY MADE 90% OF THE POPULATION.ALMOST THE ENTIRE TAX BURDEN FELL ON THIRD ESTATE.BUT THE PRIVILEGED CLASSES WERE EXEMPTED FROM THESEATEMURATEATAX FRENCH SOCIETY WERE SHARPLY CRITICISED BY ABLE WRITERS AND THINKERS LIKE MONTESQUIEU (1689-1775), VOLTAIRE (1694-1778) AND ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) .TH IMMEDIATE CAUSE OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION WAS THE TANKRUPT COND PART BY EXTRAVAGANT EXPENDITURE AND INEFFICIENCY OF LOUIS XV & LOUIS XVI.THE FRENCH REVOLUTION STARTED WITH THE FALL OF BASTILLE FORT.THE MOBS IN PARIS ATTACKED THE BASTILLE ON JULY 14,1789, KILLED ITS GOVERNOR AND FOV THE ANCIENT FORTRESS, WHERE POLITICAL PRISONERS WERE KEPT, WAS THE SYMBOL OF TYRANNY IN FRANCE.ITS CAPTURED AROUSED THE WHOLE NATION.PEASANTS IN THE PROVINCES PLUNDERED AND BURNT SEVERAL CASTLES. ‘LIBERTY, EQUALITY AND FRATERNITY’ BECAME WATCH WORD. GOVERMENT IN FRANCE BROKE DOWN, AS ROYAL OFFICIALS FLED AND THE PEOPLE STOPPED PAYING TAXES. THE NATION ASSEMBLY GOVERNED FRANCE FROM 1789-1791.IT DRAFTED A CONSTITUTION WHICH CREATED A LIMITED MONARCHY. DEPARTMENTS. CHURCH LANDS WERE CONFISCATED AND SOLD TO PEASANTS. RESPECTIVELY ON CHARGES OF TREASON. NAPOLEAN, AFTER SOME TIME, EMERGED AS THE STRONG MAN OF FRANCE.THE FRENCH REVOLUTION WAS AN EVENT OF FUNDAMENTAL IMPORTANCE NOT ONLY FOR FRANCE BUT FOR WHOLE OF EUROPE & ULTIMATELY FOR THE WHOLE WORLD. IN FRANCE, THE REVOLUTION ESTABLISHED THE POLITICAL SUPREMACY OF THE MIDDLE CLASS IN THE TOWNS AND TRANSFERRED THE BULK OF LANDED PROPERTY TO THE PEASANTRY IN THE COUNTRYSIDE.FOR EUROPE AND THE WORLD, IT REPRESENTED AN IDEAL OF POPULORE EQUITY

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